THE RESEARCH EVIDENCE
William J. Doherty, Ph.D.
Decline in children's free time in past 20 years1:
Increased in same period1:
Decline in family activities
STUDY REFERENCES FOR OVERSCHEDULED KIDS,
1. Sandra L. Hofferth, "Changes in American Children's Time, 1981-1997." University of Michigan's Institute for Social Research, Center Survey, January, 1999. National probability samples of American families, using time diary data.
2. Robert Putnam, Bowling Alone: The Collapse and Revival of American Community. New York: Simon and Schuster, 2000. National probability samples of married couple households, using survey questions.
3. Global Strategy Group, Inc., Talking With Teens: The YMCA Parent and Teen Survey. Final Report, April, 2000. National probability sample of teens that asked for their chief concerns.
4. Council of Economic Advisers to the President. "Teens and Their Parents in the 21st Century: An Examination of Trends in Teen Behavior and the Role of Parental Involvement." Report released May, 2000. Analysis of the large, federally funded Adolescent Health Study, using a national probability sample of adolescents and parents.
5. Gillman, M.W., Rifas-Shiman, S.L., Frazier, A.L., Rockette, H.R.H., Camargo, C.A., Field, A.E., Berkey, C.S., & Colditz, G.A. (2000). Family dinners and diet quality among older children and adolescents. Archives of Family Medicine, 9,235-240. A questionnaire using 24 hour recall mailed to children of participants in the ongoing Nurses Health Study II.
BOOKS AND WEBSITES FOR PARENTS
Doherty, William J. (2000). Take Back Your Kids: Confident Parenting in Turbulent Times. Notre Dame, Indiana: Sorin Books, paperback.
Doherty, William J. (1997). The Intentional Family: Simple Rituals to Strengthen Family Ties. New York: Avon Books, paperpack.
Rosenfeld, Alvin, and Wise, Nicole (2000). Hyper-parenting: Are You Hurting Your Child byTrying Too Hard? New York: St. Martin's Press. Website: www.Hyper-Parenting.com
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